Terpenes found in cannabis are essential oils that give cannabis plants their distinct aromas. Terpenes aid our bodies to absorb and use cannabinoids their therapeutic effects. Terpenes can also alter or moderate the effects of cannabinoids such as THC.
Terpenes have as much importance as cannabinoids?
Cannabis terpenes and cannabinoids are a pair that work together to bring us the full benefit of the cannabis strains. Terpenes are mainly extracted from plant materials such as citrus rinds and pine needles. Although essential oils can be utilized for aromatherapy, they aren’t common. Terpenes could also be obtained from insects or animals.
In most cases, they’re distilled from plant matter. The cannabis plant has more than 200 different terpenes . They are responsible for the distinct smells and tastes of a certain strain. The scents of lavender as well as lemon smells are derived from terpenes. Terpenes are a plant’s natural defense mechanism, and have been used for centuries for food additives in order to enhance the flavor of various products.
Terpenes from cannabis not only help in the taste and smell of cannabis but also offer positive effects on health. It is believed that terpenes can be responsible for many of the unique features of cannabis. They’ve been shown to be beneficial in treating migraines, stress, inflammation, mood swings, and many other diseases.
Much like cannabinoids and terpenes, they bind to receptors within our bodies and brains to control the state of mind, memory, sleep patterns, hunger, and more. Terpenes, when paired with cannabinoids can enhance the healing effects of cannabis and can reduce side effects.
These chemical compounds work to enhance your medical marijuana experience. They also produce greater, longer-lasting relief. Different combinations of cannabis can affect patients differently. A product that is high in CBD may not have any psychoactive effect, but it’s difficult to know how specific terpenes will affect the individual.
The most commonly used cannabis terpenes, and their benefits
1. Alpha-pinene is the main terpene that can be found in pine needles sage and has a distinctive evergreen scent. It is also present in dill, rosemary as well as basil, parsley, and. In the majority of cannabis strains, alpha-pinene can be found in extremely low levels, but it’s been noted that strains that contain higher levels of alpha-pinene are linked to improved memory and focus.
2. Beta-myrcene: This terpene contributes to the scents of hops and thyme. It may also be an anti-inflammatory. Myrcene can also be found in lemongrass, mangoes, and Thyme. Myrcene’s sedative properties may be beneficial in cases of restless legs syndrome and insomnia.
3. Limonene Lemongrass, peppermint, rosemary and cannabis all contain large amounts of limonene. It is a distinctive lemony scent, which has antidepressant and anticancer properties.
4. Linalool: Linalool is one of the Terpene that is found in rosewood, mint, coriander and birch trees. Linalool can be beneficial in treatment of depression and anxiety, and may have relaxing effects. There are many reports of sedation taking cannabis that contains high levels of the chemical linalool.
5. Caryophyllene is the sole terpene that binds to receptors for cannabinoid. It’s the ingredient that gives clove its distinctive aroma. Caryophyllene, in addition to providing a spicy flavour to the cannabis plant is also believed to be anti-inflammatory. It can also help in the treatment of anxiety.
To learn more, click tips for cooking with cannabis terpenes